Toilets, Showers and Changerooms: Laws and Regulations

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Health and safety regulations or laws in all provinces, territories and the federal jurisdiction make some reference to hygiene facilities in the workplace. Some are better than others in setting out clear rights for workers.

Federal

Summary
The Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Toilet Rooms at section 9.12, Wash Basins at section 9.18, Showers and Shower Rooms at section 9.23, Change Rooms at section 9.43, all under Part IX: Sanitation.

Statute
Canada Labour Code, RSC 1985, c L-2

Regulation
Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/86-304, Part IX

Links
English: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/sor-86-304/index.html
French: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/fra/reglements/DORS-86-304/index.html

British Columbia

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulation covers requirements for Washroom Facilities at section 4.85 and Change Areas at section 4.86, as well as requirements for Showers in specific environments at section 5.82.

Statute
Workers Compensation Act, RSBC 1996, c 492

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, BC Reg 296/97

Link
English: http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/296_97_00

Alberta

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Code covers requirements for Toilets and Washing Facilities at Part 24, sections 354–361.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, SA 2017, c O-2.1

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Code, Alta Reg 87/2009, Part 24

Link
English: https://www.qp.alberta.ca/documents/OHS/OHSCode.pdf

Saskatchewan

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Toilet Facilities at section 71, Personal Washing at section 72, Change and Shower Facilities at section 74.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993, SS 1993, c O-1.1

Regulation
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, RRS c O-1.1 Reg 1

Link
https://www.canlii.org/en/sk/laws/regu/rrs-c-o-1.1-reg-1/latest/rrs-c-o-1.1-reg-1.html

Manitoba

Summary
The Workplace Safety and Health Regulations covers requirements for Toilet Facilities and Washbasins at sections 4.7–4.8, Handwashing Facilities at sections 4.9–4.10 and Change and Washing Facilities at section 4.11.

Statute
The Workplace Safety and Health Act, CCSM c W210

Regulation
Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man Reg 217/2006

Link
English/French: https://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/regs/current/217.06.pdf

Ontario

Summary
Ontario does not have one regulation which covers general requirements for hygiene facilities. Some industries are covered by specific regulations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act.
The Industrial Establishments regulation covers requirements for Showers at section 134.
The Construction Projects regulation covers requirements for Toilets at section 29.1.
The Mines and Mining Plant regulation covers requirements for Toilets at sections 276–277 and Showers and Change Rooms at section 278.
The Health Care and Residential Facilities regulation covers requirements for Hygiene Facilities at sections 28–32.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, RSO 1990, c O.1

Regulation
Industrial Establishments, RRO 1990, Reg 851
Construction Projects, O Reg 213/91
Mines and Mining Plants, RRO 1990, Reg 854
Health Care and Residential Facilities, O Reg 67/93

Links
English: https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/90o01 (see: ‘Regulations under this Act’)
French: https://www.ontario.ca/fr/lois/loi/90o01 (see: ‘Réglements d’application’)

Quebec

Summary
The Regulation respecting occupational health and safety covers requirement for Change Rooms in Division XVII at section 154, Sanitary Facilities at Division XIX sections 161–165, and the requirement for Changing Rooms and Showers in workplaces involving dangerous substances at Division IX section 67.

Statute

Act respecting occupational health and safety, CQLR c S-2.1

Regulation

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, CQLR c S-2.1, r 13

Links
English: http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/en/ShowDoc/cr/S-2.1,%20r.%2013
French: http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/fr/showdoc/cr/S-2.1,%20r.%2013

New Brunswick

Summary
The General Regulation covers requirements for Washrooms at section 6, Showers at section 10, and Change Rooms at section 9.

Statute

Occupational Health and Safety Act, SNB 1983, c O-0.2

Regulation

General Regulation, NB Reg 91-191

Links
English: http://laws.gnb.ca/en/ShowTdm/cr/91-191//
French: http://laws.gnb.ca/fr/showtdm/cr/91-191/91-191/se:377

Nova Scotia

Summary
The Occupational Safety General Regulations cover the requirement for Toilets at section 19, Hand-cleaning Facilities at section 20 and Change Rooms and Showers at section 22.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, SNS 1996, c 7

Regulation
Occupational Safety General Regulations, NS Reg 44/99

Link
English: https://novascotia.ca/just/regulations/regs/ohsgensf.htm

Prince Edward Island

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations cover requirements for Toilet and Washing Facilities at Part 2 sections 2.1–2.8 and Changing Rooms at Part 5 section 5.3.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, RSPEI 1988, c O-1.01

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations, PEI Reg EC180/87

Link
English: https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/sites/default/files/legislation/o1-01g-occupational_health_and_safety_act_general_regulations.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Toilet Facilities at section 61, Washing Facilities at section 62 and Change Rooms and Showers at section 64.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, RSNL 1990, c O-3

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, NLR 5/12

Link
English: https://assembly.nl.ca/Legislation/sr/Regulations/rc120005.htm

Yukon

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Sanitation at Part 2 section 1.71.

Statute
Occupational Health and Safety Act, RSY 2002, c 159

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, YOIC 2006/178, Part 2

Weblink
English: http://www.gov.yk.ca/legislation/legislation/page_o.html

Northwest Territories

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Toilet Facilities at section 75, Personal Washing at section 76 and Change and Shower Facilities at section 78.

Statute
Safety Act, RSNWT 1988, c S-1

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, NWT Reg 039-2015

Link
English/French: https://www.wscc.nt.ca/documents/occupational-health-and-safety-regulations-nwt

Nunavut

Summary
The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations cover requirements for Toilet Facilities at section 75, Personal Washing at section 76 and Change and Shower Facilities at section 78.

Statute
Safety Act, RSNWT (Nu) 1988, c S-1

Regulation
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, Nu Reg 003-2016

Link
English/French: https://wscc.nt.ca/documents/occupational-health-safety-regulations-nunavut

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